Oman, a nation on the Arabian Peninsula, has terrain encompassing desert, riverbed oasis and long coastlines on the Persian (Arabian) Gulf, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman. Wahiba Sands is a region of dunes inhabited by Bedouins. The port capital, Muscat, is home to the massive, contemporary Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, and the old waterfront Muttrah quarter, with a labyrinthine souk and busy fish market.
Sultanate of Oman is located in south-eastern part of the Arab semi- peninsula, between latitudes 16.40 and 26.30 and longitudes 51.50 and 59.40. Its shore extends from Hormoz in the north to Yemen republic in the south, so it is open to three seas: Arab Gulf, Oman sea and Arab sea. Bordered by UAE and Saudi Arabia in the west, Republic of Yemen in the south, Hormoz bay in the north, and Arab sea in the eastern border. This location has given Oman its historical role in connecting Arab Gulf states with these countries. The population of Oman stands at 4,558,847 by the end of June 2017.
Oman's history tells stories of heroism, courage, wisdom, patriotism, love and devotion to homeland. This brings us closer to understanding the richness of the Omani cultural experience which has contributed to the building of modern and overlooks the Arabian Sea, the Sea of Oman and the Arabian Gulf. It also controls the Strait of Hormuz, which is one of the most important facilities in the region, linking the Sea of Oman with the Arabian Gulf. The Strait of Hormuz is a gateway to all ships coming from the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea.
Al Wattih in Muscat Governorate is one of the first inhabited cities. Modern archaeological discoveries suggest that humans settled in it during the Stone Age, i.e. more than 10,000 years ago.The Babylonians and the Assyrians settled in Oman because they wanted to control the trade route that linked Asia to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
With the advent of 1970 came the dawn of a modern renaissance in the Sultanate, with the beginning of the prosperous era of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, may God protect him.
- Area: 309500 Square Kilometers
- Population: 4.4 millions according to 2016 estimates
- Density of population: 14.2 per square kilometer.
- Capital: Muscat
- Official Language: Arabic language (English language spoken widely).
- Religion: Islam
- Dialing Code: +968
- Time: Four hours ahead of GMT.
- Currency: RO.1 = US$ 2,6 ( 385.0 Biza = US $ 1)
- Gross Domestic Product: RO. 27.6 Billion (Market Price Year 2015).
- Weather: Hot and Humid in summer and moderate in winter
- Measurements: Metric System
- Electricity: 220 Volt.
- Population: 4.425 million (2016) World Bank and Growth Average: 6.4%
- Life Expectancy: 72 Year
- National Day: Falls on November 18th every year (two day holiday later in the same month).
- Official holidays: The days vary according to the Hijrah year: Prophet’s birthday – Al Isra’a Wal mira’ag – Eid Al Fitr – Eid Al Adha and the New Hijrah year.